Indonesia Tribes

Istanbul was besieged by Fatih Sultan Mehmet

GENERAL

April 6 is the 96th (97th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left before the end of the year is 269.

Railways

  • April 6, 1941 Germany, Yugoslavia and Greece and Turkey Sea border sign declared war in Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey, Edirne and Uzunköprü blew up nearby railway bridge.

Olaylar

  • 1326 – Orhan Bey takes Bursa, which was besieged, from the Byzantines. Bursa was the capital of the Ottomans between 1326 and 1361.
  • 1453 – Istanbul is besieged by Fatih Sultan Mehmet.
  • 1814 – Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates from the imperial throne and is exiled to the island of Elba.
  • 1830 – Joseph Smith, Jr. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is founded.
  • 1861 – The Sultanate of Oman is divided into Zanzibar and Oman.
  • 1869 – Celluloid is patented.
  • 1872 – Pertevniyal High School started teaching under the name “Mahmudiye Rüştiyesi”.
  • 1896 – The first modern Olympic Games begin in Athens.
  • 1909 – Robert Peary and Matthew Henson are said to have reached the North Pole. Their lack of rigor in their files and the lack of certain information created doubts among the experts and debated their possible reaching of the North Pole.
  • 1909 – freedom Journalist Hasan Fehmi Bey, who wrote articles against the Committee of Union and Progress in the newspaper, was killed.
  • 1914 – The Supreme Military Court is created.
  • 1917 – The United States declares war on Germany and declares entering World War I on the side of the Allies.
  • 1920 – Anadolu Agency is established.
  • 1927 – American swimmer Johnny Weissmuller sets three world records in three styles in the 100m.
  • 1941 – Axis powers invade Yugoslavia. The Germans entered Greece, declared the eastern Mediterranean a war zone to the Turkish maritime border. Turkey then blew up the Edirne and Uzunköprü railway bridges.
  • 1953 – Turkey’s national youth football team became the third in the world.
  • 1956 – The first issue of Hayat magazine is published.
  • 1972 – The Constitutional Court overturns the death sentences of Deniz Gezmiş, Yusuf Aslan and Hüseyin İnan. It has been announced that Parliament will again discuss the executions.
  • 1973 – Retired contingent senator Admiral Fahri Korutürk is elected Turkey’s 15th president with 365 votes in the 6th ballot.
  • 1979 – Turkish athlete Veli Ballı wins the Athens International Marathon.
  • 1980 – President Fahri Korutürk, whose term has ended, leaves the Çankaya Mansion. Ihsan Sabri Çağlayangil, President of the Senate of the Republic, began to act in his place. Again, no presidential elections were held in the TGNA. For months, until September 12, 1980, the president could not be elected.
  • 1980 – Events erupt during the rally organized by DİSK in Eskişehir. 5 people died, 4 people were injured.
  • 1988 – Ali Deveci-Galip Gürel’s team representing Turkey in the Camel Trophy competition held in Kazanwas on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi.
  • 1994 – The plane carrying Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira crashes following a rocket attack. After the assassination, clashes between the Hutu and Tutsi tribes led to the massacre of around 1 million people.
  • 2005 – Jalal Talabani, leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, is named President of Iraq.

births

  • 1483 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (died 1520)
  • 1812 – Alexander Herzen, Russian writer and philosopher (died 1870)
  • 1820 – Nadar, French photographer (died 1910)
  • 1849 – John William Waterhouse, English painter (died 1917)
  • 1903 – Harold Eugene Edgerton, American electrical engineer and photographer (died 1990)
  • 1904 – Kurt Georg Kiesinger, German politician (died 1988)
  • 1911 – Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (died 1979)
  • 1915 – Tadeusz Kantor, Polish painter, assembler and theater manager (died 1990)
  • 1920 – Edmond H. Fischer, American biochemist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (died 2021)
  • 1927 – Gerry Mulligan (Gerald Joseph), American jazz musician (died 1996)
  • 1928 – James Watson, American scientist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (discovering the structure of DNA)
  • 1929 – Nancy MacKay, Canadian athlete
  • 1939 – Göksel Kortay, Turkish actor, voice actor and translator
  • 1941 – Zamfir, Romanian musician
  • 1942 – İlgün Soysev, Turkish composer
  • 1957 – Mehtap Ar, Turkish actress and theater actor (died 2021)
  • 1962 – Yvette Bova, American bodybuilder and pornographic film actress
  • 1964 – David Woodard, American conductor and author
  • 1969 – Paul Rudd, American actor
  • 1971 – Seren Serengil, Turkish presenter, singer and actress
  • 1972 – Yiğit Özşener, Turkish theater, film and TV series actor
  • 1975 – Murat Güloğlu, Turkish presenter and TV show producer
  • 1975 – Zach Braff, American actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1980 – Tommi Evilä, Finnish long jumper
  • 1982 – Damien Walters, English freestyle runner, stuntman, trampoline specialist and gymnast
  • 1983 – Bobbi Starr, American porn actress
  • 1983 – Diora Baird, American actress and model
  • 1988 – Abel Masuero, Argentinian footballer
  • 1994 – Ylli Sallahi, Austrian-Kosovar footballer
  • 1995 – Serginho, Brazilian footballer
  • 1998 – Peyton List, American actress and model
  • 1999 – Oguz Kagan Guctekin, Turkish footballer
  • 2009 – Valentina Tronel Dite Valentina, French singer

Armed

  • 885 – Methodios, missionaries who spread Christianity among the Slavs in Moravia and Pannonia.
  • 1199 – Richard I (Richard Coeur de Lion), French King of England (b. 1157)
  • 1490 – Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary (b. 1443)
  • 1520 – Raphael, Italian painter and architect (b. 1483)
  • 1528 – Albrecht Dürer, German painter (b. 1471)
  • 1641 – Domenichino, full name Domenico Zampieri, Italian painter (born in 1581)
  • 1759 – Johann Gottfried Zinn, German anatomist and botanist (b. 1727)
  • 1829 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (born 1802)
  • 1833 – Adamantios Korais, humanist scholar who pioneered the development of modern Greek literary language (b. 1748)
  • 1844 – Friedrich Franz Xaver, Austrian General (b. 1757)
  • 1849 – Jan Svatopluk Presl, Bohemian naturalist (b. 1791)
  • 1886 – William Edward Forster, English politician (b. 1818)
  • 1875 – Moses (Moshe) Hess, Franco-German Jewish philosopher, socialist and founder of Socialist Zionism (b. 1812)
  • 1906 – Alexander Kielland, Norwegian writer (b. 1849)
  • 1909 – Hasan Fehmi Bey, Ottoman journalist (b. 1874)
  • 1915 – Musa Ćazim Ćatić, Bosnian poet (b. 1878)
  • 1935 – Ömer Hilmi Efendi, Ottoman prince and officer (b. 1886)
  • 1943 – Alexandre Millerand, French politician who served as Prime Minister and President (b. 1859)
  • 1947 – Herbert Backe, German politician and SS-Obergruppenführer war criminal (b. 1896)
  • 1961 – Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet, Belgian immunologist and microbiologist (born in 1870)
  • 1963 – Otto Struve, Ukrainian-American astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1971 – Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (born in 1882)
  • 1972 – Karl Heinrich Lübke, German politician who served as President of West Germany from 1959 to 1969 (born 1894)
  • 1983 – Fakihe Öymen, Turkish educator and politician (one of the first female Turkish MPs) (b. 1900)
  • 1992 – Isaac Asimov, American author (b. 1920)
  • 1996 – Greer Garson, Irish actress (born 1904)
  • 2000 – Habib Bourguiba, President of Tunisia (b. 1903)
  • 2001 – Haluk Afra, Turkish diplomat (born in 1925)
  • 2005-III. Rainier, Prince of Monaco (born in 1923)
  • 2009 – Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri, South African lecturer and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2009 – Jacques Hustin, Belgian singer (born in 1940)
  • 2009 – Hızır Tüzel, Turkish journalist and writer (born in 1956)
  • 2014 – Mickey Rooney, American director and actor (born in 1920)
  • 2014 – Mary Anderson, American actress, former figure skater (born 1918)
  • 2015 – James Best, American actor (born in 1926)
  • 2015 – Nevin Akkaya, Turkish actress and comedian (born 1919)
  • 2016 – Ülkü Erakalın, Turkish director (born in 1934)
  • 2016 – Merle Ronald Haggard, country music legend, American musician (born 1937)
  • 2017 – Stan Anslow, English footballer (born in 1931)
  • 2017 – Armand Gatti, playwright, poet, screenwriter, journalist, director, film producer (born in 1924)
  • 2017 – Donald Jay “Don” Rickles, American voice actor, actor and comedian (born 1926)
  • 2018 – Daniel Kahikina Akaka, American politician (born in 1924)
  • 2018 – Sevda Aydan, Turkish actress, painter and opera singer (born 1930)
  • 2018 – Jacques Joseph Victor Higelin, French pop singer (born in 1940)
  • 2018 – Isao Takahata, Japanese anime director (born in 1935)
  • 2019 – Nadja Regin, Serbian actress, writer and model (born 1931)
  • 2019 – David J. Thouless, British physicist and scientist (b. 1934)
  • 2020 – Radomir Antić, Serbian former footballer and manager (born 1948)
  • 2020 – Armando Francioli, Italian actor (born in 1919)
  • 2020 – Jacques Le Brun, French historian (born in 1931)
  • 2020 – Hal Willner, American television and music album producer (born 1956)
  • 2021 – Hans Küng, Swiss Catholic theologian cleric (born 1928)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Day of the murdered journalists